Facial Recognition and Immigration Policies: Secure Technology or Misleading Tools?

Victória Costa/ September 2, 2022/

As societies evolve, so do the means by which daily activities are carried out. When it comes to immigration diligence, technology is the one thing that has been constantly taking over many of these processes, in the hopes of facilitating the data management of great flows of people, which then ends up being less time-consuming as well as safer than human-relied verdicts, some might argue. As a pro-technology mindset keeps on blooming, concerns rise with regard to the extent to which artificial intelligence (AI) can be explored when it comes to sensitive data analyses, such as asylum applications for refugees and other migration assistance. One of the main features of AI beginning to be implemented nowadays is facial recognition. This article aims to disclose its advantages, risks and current uses when it comes to immigration practices.

The Principle of Solidarity in EU Law: Some Considerations Regarding Migration Policy and Civil Society

NOVA Refugee Clinic/ June 15, 2022/

This blogpost aims to analyse the importance of solidarity in European Union Law through the lens of migration policy. It highlights the different approaches to migration ‘crises’ from 2015 to the most recent Ukrainian refugee outflow, questioning the interpretation of this principle and pointing out the flaws in its use. In this analysis, it questions civil society’s role in responding to migration ‘crises’, and how it impacts the choices of European Union Member States regarding their own solidarity obligations.

O Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos Humanos e a situação dos reclusos estrangeiros nas prisões portuguesas

João Athayde Varela/ June 2, 2022/

Tendo por pano de fundo a situação interna nos estabelecimentos prisionais em Portugal (EP), procede-se à análise de dois acórdãos recentes do Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos Humanos (TEDH), que apreciam, à luz do artigo 3.º, Convenção Europeia dos Direitos Humanos (CEDH), as queixas apresentadas por dois reclusos estrangeiros – ambos de nacionalidade romena – contra o Estado português.

Migration ‘Crises’, Poland and the EU: From Closed Borders to Solidarity?

NOVA Refugee Clinic/ May 31, 2022/

This blogpost puts forward some reflections on Polish migration policies. More specifically, it addresses the sharp contrast between Poland’s treatment of people fleeing the Russo-Ukrainian war and its approach to previous migration ‘crises’. The blogpost outlines the main contradictions and their relationship with EU policies, while emphasizing the role played by civil society actors, either as critical voices of immigration policies or as instruments of migration governance.

Uma análise crítica acerca da sobre-representação de reclusos estrangeiros nos presídios portugueses

Jean Cajaty/ April 29, 2022/

Jean Cajaty[1] Resumo: Em 2020, o número de reclusos estrangeiros, nas prisões portuguesas, era de 1764, perfazendo 15,5% do total de reclusos no sistema prisional português[2]. Por outro lado, no mesmo período, o número de imigrantes residentes no país era de 5,4%[3]. Desta forma, torna-se evidente a existência de uma sobre- representação de estrangeiros nos presídios portugueses. Assim, o presente

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Novo Plano para a Migração no Reino Unido – Princípio do Primeiro País Seguro

Otávio de Figueiredo Raupp/ March 21, 2022/

Pretende-se proceder a uma breve análise do “New Plan for Migration” constante da Nationality and Borders Bill, Bill 141, 2021-22, documento que consubstancia uma proposta de reforma da atual lei de nacionalidade e migração britânica e está ainda em discussão na Câmara dos Lordes . Tratando-se de um projeto de lei extenso, focar-nos-emos apenas na aplicação do princípio do primeiro país seguro, mais concretamente a respeito da sua compatibilidade com a Convenção Relativa ao Estatuto dos Refugiados de 1951 e o direito internacional em geral.

Civil Society and EU Migration Law: Setting a Research Agenda

Veronica Corcodel/ March 12, 2022/

This blogpost outlines the research agenda of the ‘Migration and Civil Society’ line of investigation, which aims to explore the relationship between EU law and pro-migrant civil society actors. Without being exhaustive, it foregrounds four ways in which this relationship can be approached. The first possibility is to analyse EU law’s understanding of civil society actors’ participation in EU institutional life. The second is to examine EU law’s approach to these actors’ pro-migrant acts of assistance. The last two possibilities require a shift from institutional to civil society perspectives, by examining their critiques of EU law and their strategies of EU legal mobilisation.

As Bases de Dados e a Gestão Migratória na União Europeia

Priscila Azevedo/ February 28, 2022/

Os desafios da segurança nas fronteiras externas da União Europeia encontram-se fortemente associados ao controlo do fluxo migratório. Como consequência dessa opção política, foram criados e estão em desenvolvimento diversos sistemas de informação, nomeadamente o SIS II, o Eurodac, o VIS, o EES, o ETIAS e o ECRIS-TCN, estando os três primeiros no presente totalmente operacionais. Estima-se que brevemente as ditas bases de dados atuem em interoperabilidade, o que facilitará o trabalho das autoridades e dinamizará os procedimentos de vistos e concessão de asilo.
Apesar de indubitavelmente fornecerem um significativo suporte na gestão de fronteiras, tais sistemas de informação proporcionam inúmeros questionamentos éticos em virtude das potenciais implicações nos direitos fundamentais dos nacionais de países terceiros.

The El Jadida–The Algarve Migration Route

Luís Calle y Bonaccorso/ February 14, 2022/

El Jadida (الجديد) is a port-city located on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. The crossing by sea from El Jadida to The Algarve in the southernmost part of Portugal’s mainland, takes approximately forty to fifty hours. The first registered crossing took place in 2007, when a group of twenty-three Moroccan nationals landed in Culatra Island, in Olhão. After informed by local fishers of the landing, the Portuguese authorities proceeded to arrest the migrants.